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Uttar Pradesh, the fourth largest state in terms of land area, is the most populated state in India, accounting for over 16% of the country’s total population. As of January 2023, the installed capacity for power generation in Uttar Pradesh was about 31.4 GW, with thermal energy accounting for the majority (82% of the total installed capacity), followed by solar energy (8%) and biomass (7%). Further, hydro and nuclear constituted 2% and 1%, respectively, of the installed power capacity. However, there has been no significant increase in renewable energy capacity addition in the state.

In order to increase the share of renewable energy and per capita power consumption in Uttar Pradesh, a comprehensive transmission planning study should be conducted through detailed modelling of the state network using power simulation software like Power System Simulator for Engineering and Electrical Transient Analyzer Program. Additionally, load flow analysis should be performed to detect transmission network availability. To ensure the optimal despatch of power generation and quantify the storage needed in the system, production cost analysis will also be required.

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Integrating Renewables: Need to upgrade Uttar Pradesh's transmission infrastructure