Key Messages

Cyclone Mocha — the first storm of 2023 in the North Indian Ocean — killed people, destroyed buildings, and caused economic losses in Myanmar, Bangladesh, Eastern India, and Sri Lanka. Barely a month later, Biparjoy — a rare June cyclone — formed over the Arabian Sea and struck Gujarat and other western states in India.

Cyclones occur every year, and those occurring in tropical oceans, such as the Indian Ocean, are known as tropical cyclones. Because of powerful winds and intense precipitation, tropical cyclones often cause extensive devastation, including coastal flooding.

The devastating impacts of tropical cyclones and changing climate call for timely and appropriate adaptation strategies, including accurate cyclonic activity prediction, early warning systems, and inclusive disaster risk assessments.

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