To meet its global commitments, India is planning to reduce fossil-fuel-based power generation by targeting 500 GW of non-fossil fuel capacity by 2030. However, the increasing adoption of renewable and distributed energy resources is creating several technical and economic challenges in the Indian power system due to intermittency and lack of infrastructure.
These challenges can be addressed through virtual power plants (VPPs), which are cloud-based power plants that aggregate generators, electrical loads, and storage units to work as a single entity. Supported by information and communication technologies and the Internet of Things, VPPs make sure the right amount of power is being generated at the right time. This helps to reduce the amount of power needed during peak periods, thereby saving money and avoiding the need for more power plants.