Key Messages

Recent studies show that 67% of public transport commuters in India shifted to private vehicle ownership after the initial Covid-19 crisis (during 2021-22). Around 96% of these new vehicles were internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) and will be in use for at least a decade, creating around 18.8 MtCO2 emissions annually.
Our analysis infers that if all of the newly added vehicles in India (during 2021-22) were electric vehicles (EVs), around 9.5 MtCO2 of emissions could have been avoided annually.
Investing in clean-sourced electricity (such as solar and wind) for charging stations will help improve environmental conditions and support efforts to make EVs India’s primary form of transportation.

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Can electric vehicles drive climate change action in India?