Key Messages

This paper compares frameworks and projections of energy consumption, carbon dioxide (CO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions from India's transportation sector, up to 2050. To understand the role of road transport in energy demand and emissions, five modeling teams developed baseline projections for India's transportation sector as part of intermodal comparison exercise under the Sustainable Growth Working Group (SGWG) of the US-India Energy Dialog. We found significant differences in the base-year data and parameters for future projections, namely: energy consumption by transport in general and by mode, service demand for passenger and freight transport. The results of this inter-model study can be used by Indian policy makers to set quantified targets in emission reductions from the transportation sector.

A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India's Transportation Sector through 2050