Key Messages

The report explores the possibility of replacing cycle rickshaws with two-seater e-rickshaws for the welfare of the rickshaw-puller community in Patna, Bihar.


The adoption of two-seater e-rickshaws is likely to result in an increase of about 10 to 30 per cent in the average daily earnings of rickshaw pullers.

The intervention will not bring in any disruptive changes in the typical business activity of rickshaw pullers.

It could lead to a potential increase in expenditure on ownership, operation, and maintenance of the vehicle for majority of rickshaw pullers though.

  • We recommend pilot-scale deployment of e-rickshaws, a comprehensive charging infrastructure plan, and a policy framework that also focuses on establishing E-rickshaw manufacturing facilities in Bihar.
Two-Seater e-Rickshaw Programme for Patna City