The on-road vehicle stock in Bengaluru is expected to grow by 1.5 times, with the total vehicular population projected to increase from 5.7M to 8.9M by 2030. Of note, the city’s electric vehicle (EV) fleet is projected to grow from 75,000 to 2.3M, with the most significant increase in the number of two wheelers, followed by three and four wheelers. However, despite the addition of 3.2M vehicles by 2030, CO2, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM) emissions are expected to increase by only 25%, 13%, and 8%, respectively, owing to the deployment of EVs, according to a study by a Bengaluru-based think tank—the Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP). Further, to aid in the green transition of the transport sector, the study suggests that the share of renewable energy sources in the overall energy mix should be enhanced. The study notes that of the city's 3.2GW of rooftop solar potential, roughly 40% coverage will be sufficient to meet the entire charging demand of all EVs in 2030.
The study titled ‘Bengaluru 2030: Impact of EVs on Vehicular Emissions’ exemplified the impact of electrification on the tailpipe emissions of all vehicles plying in Bengaluru and determined the overall impact on the electrical grid managed by Bangalore Electricity Supply Company (BESCOM).
Read the full report here.