Key Messages

India has the fourth largest installed capacity of wind energy in the world, with the addition of 41 GW as of June 2022. However, this figure is quite low when we consider India’s potential of 695.5 GW at 120 m hub height and 302 GW at 100 m hub height. To unlock the true potential of wind energy in India and generate power efficiently, current wind farm designs need to be optimised. Increasing the hub height and optimising the positioning of turbines are two options that play a huge role in efficient power generation and land utilisation.

In our study, we developed a techno-economic model of on-shore wind power to optimise wind farm designs. We designed a wind farm by optimising land to achieve higher electricity generation (higher capacity utilisation) using mathematical modelling.