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Punjab is at the heart of India’s agricultural success story. Buoyed by the Green Revolution and favourable policy measures, the state contributes to 16% of India’s agricultural exports. The Agricultural Export Policy (AEP) of Punjab, notified in 2019, aims to more than double the value of its total exports of rice, wheat, and fruits from INR 14,000 Cr to INR 32,000 Cr by 2027–28, a staggering increase of 233%.

Punjab has played a stellar role in India’s food security. But this success seems to have come at a cost, and the price paid is most visible when stubble burning is at its peak after the annual paddy harvesting season.

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At the Root of Stubble Burning