India, the world’s third-largest GHGs emitter, has its transport sector contributing 10% of total national GHG emissions, with road transportation contributing about 87% of the sector’s total emissions. The adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is one way to bring down emissions. While the Indian Government has issued various policy measures, successful EV uptake lies in policy implementation at the State level. The Indian EV market varies significantly by State with factors related to demographics, income levels, policy and regulatory landscapes, and urbanisation.
Karnataka raced ahead of all the Indian states in the EV game by becoming the first to introduce the Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy in 2017 to boost EV sales and set up charging infrastructure. The State EV policy aims to convert 50% of its public transport fleet into EVs by 2030. The Government has also given a clear mandate of making Bengaluru the EV capital of India.