Key Messages

The current government has set an ambitious RE target of 450 GW by 2030. Though RE plants are considered green, they could have unintended impacts. Recent projects in this sector have been troubled by unintended socio-ecological conflicts due to flaws while siting land parcels and inadequate planning. For instance, a wind power project in Pune partially damaged the local ecology leading to substantial soil erosion and large-scale deforestation as more than 3 lakh trees were cut down against the sanctioned 26,000. Land acquisition for RE projects, thus, is beset by several issues that lead to the loss of livelihoods, and endangerment to local ecology and wildlife.

Why renewable energy projects need smart siting