The public transport system is the most effective way of reducing the number of vehicles as well as emissions.
Adequate public transit can reduce fuel usage up to 25% in bigger cities and about 19% in small cities. It is estimated to reduce emissions by 5-40% in various cities, whereas the Mission estimates that a 15 to 18% penetration of electric vehicles in the two-wheeler and four-wheeler segments respectively will reduce emissions by only 1.5%. Cars and two-wheelers are the major contributors to total emissions by all vehicles in Indian cities. The public transport system is the most effective way to reduce the number of vehicles as well as total emissions on the road.