Shuba V. Raghavan, Anshu Bharadwaj, Anupam A. Thatte, Santosh Harish, Kaveri K. Iychettira, Rajalakshmi Perumal, Ganesh Nayak
The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) announced in December 2009 envisages the installation of over 20,000 MW of grid-connected solar power and another 2,000 MW of off-grid solar power by 2022. Given that the installed capacity stands at merely 10 MW, to realise these targets, clear long-term policies have to be put in place and the implementation of the policies and projects has to be stringently monitored. This report discusses the applications of two primary solar technologies that convert solar energy into useful consumable forms of energy technologies. First, solar Photovoltaic (PV) technologies which convert solar energy directly into electrical energy using solar PV cells; second, solar thermal technologies which convert solar energy into heat energy for non-electrical application.
India’s installed capacity, excluding captive power, allows for a modest per capita consumption. The generation is insufficient to meet the demand, resulting in an overall shortfall of both peak capacity and energy. There is a strong push towards increasing supply, with an aim of tripling capacity in the coming decades. Such ambitious growth has both financial implications as well as resource availability challenges. In this report, CSTEP has added comments/observations throughout, with the aim to add value and insight to the data that capture statistics on the position of India’s power supply.
Nuclear Power has the potential for playing a major role in India’s quest for more power and is an important source of long-term energy security. The current nuclear capacity contributes 3% of the electricity. Future nuclear growth projections suggest the need for a dramatic growth in the coming decades. This study attempts to examine possible scenarios to achieve these growth projections in two decade time period (up to 2030). The report is prepared in an environment that India will not have its indigenous technologies and reactors but also imported reactors and materials to choose from. It evaluates various options from total indigenous efforts to a mix of imports and indigenous systems, compares the study’s analysis with that projected by Department of Atomic Energy and provides a short summary on different class of reactors.