India needs a new plan to accelerate more inclusive and sustainable, yet faster, growth. The plan must be a departure from old structures of thinking and planning. The need to substantially change both the content and the process of planning required the Planning Commission to apply innovations in the process of preparing the 12th Five Year Plan. Amongst these innovations was the addition of the process of “scenario planning”. CSTEP developed a systems map to provide a more rigorous grounding for the scenarios. System dynamics techniques were used to understand different aspects in defining the future of India. The report elucidates on these topics.