Karnataka has about 30,000 MW of estimated Renewable Energy (RE) potential, making it one of the top five RE-rich states in the country. Despite having a comprehensive state RE policy, the state has lagged behind in terms of RE capacity addition over the past few years. It is imperative to address these challenges, in order to make Karnataka a frontrunner in the RE sector and realise the ensuing benefits. In this context, the main objective of this study is to critically examine the state’s RE policy to find gaps and implementation challenges specific to Karnataka. The primary audience of this study are state legislators and policymakers. The study identifies challenges and provides recommendations for three main sectors: utility-scale projects, rural RE technologies and alternate technologies with a low land footprint.