On account of rapid motorisation of Indian cities, there is an increase in air pollution, road accidents, petroleum fuel consumption and severe congestion. Poor transportation has the potential to adversely impact the economic efficiency of our cities as well as the health and well-being of urban Indians. It is in this context that the paper reviews the past trends, current situation and measures taken so far. It projects multiple scenarios for the future and suggests a way forward. This review becomes particularly important in light of the national effort to build 100 smart cities and renewal of other 500. The transport system will be at the core of such renewal and hence this paper would prove useful for decision makers who are charged with the responsibility of making urban India “Engines of our Economic Growth”.